What is DAFO?

1) AFO, SAFO, DAFO: all refer to the same irregular situation of a property on non urban

2) Concept of PLANNING (General Plan)

3) Land-use planning or “ORDENACIÓN” is the general term used for a branch of urban planning encompassing various disciplines which seek to order and regulate land use in an efficient way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.

4) Planning divides the municipality into three categories: URBAN LAND, URBANIZABLE LAND, NON-URBAN LAND.

5) AFO is a juridical classification, not a geographical reference.
It refers to a house that does not form part of the urban area and is not included in a settlement. The law refers to these properties as ISOLATED HOUSES.
Villages without the document called “AVANCE” cannot classify houses as AFO. (Unless they have a PGOU).


7.1 Built before 1975, not in a state of ruin.
Currently used for the same purpose as it was originally intended for.
Construction has not been modified (niether extended nor reduced).
7.2 House was built AFTER 1975 with full permits, according to the regulations, considered as legal. A new PGOU has since been introduced, and under the new PGOU, the building now fails to fulfil the regulation.

According to the Decree 2/2012:
. All houses built after 1975 for residential use on non urban land;
. With or without building project,
. With or without the permit of the local Town Hall
. Without the specific authorization of the Junta de Andalucía, published in the BOPMA

9) Requirements to meet AFO:
House is considered as an ISOLATED HOUSE and:
House finished more then 6 years ago (Certificado de antigüedad)
Meets minimum standards of safety, accessibility, functionality and health conditions.

10) AFO means:
Your legally obtained permits will be annulled.
You have to present again all drawings of your house with certification of an arquitect (safety, accessibility, health conditions and functionality).
No Licence First Occupation.
Properties without building licence or first occupation couldn’t access the Register of Property until the central government introduced a modification in the law. (RD Ley 8/2011, art.24.4)
No consolidation works are allowed (Mijas Fire). The aim is that the lifetime of your property is reduced to the minimum. Only strict maintenance is allowed (painting and similar).
Your house has no access to a mortgage, making it extremely difficult to sell your property for a decent price. Only cash payers can buy your house. (RD 716/2009 art. 11.d)
The administration has to notify the Register of the Property and your DAFO situation will be added to your Register to ensure that new buyers will have full information about the juridic situation of your house. (You are marked). RD Ley 8/2011 art.25.dos c).
You are entitled to access to basic utilities like water and electricity. (WOW!!!)

11) DAFO Conclusions:
The DAFO procedure was meant for houses that were built ignoring all the legal procedures. It will avoid demolition if the conditions are met.
The Junta never recognized that we acted in good faith, and that the responsibility lies solely with the Local Administration and the Junta. Therefore, we still don’t have a satisfactory solution for our members.

House classed as ISOLATED HOUSE
The construction of the house was completed less then 6 years ago.
Built on protected area.

Recent Posts


Dear Members and Friends of SOHA
Estimados Miembros y Amigos de SOHA

It’s that time of year again and our AGM is to be held on Wednesday 24th January 2018 at Camping Bar at 19:00 for a promt start at 19:30.
Es esa época del año otra vez y nuestra AGM se celebrará el 24 de enero de 2018 a Camping de La Vinuela Bar a las 19:00 para una pronta puesta en marcha a las 19:30.

All officers are happy to continue in their work, but if anyone wishes to put themselves forward for any of the three positions of President, Treasurer or Secretary can you please let me know by return
Todos los funcionarios están dispuestos a continuar en su trabajo, pero si alguien quiere presentar su candidatura para cualquiera de las tres posiciones del Presidente, Tesorero o Secretario puede usted por favor hágamelo saber a vuelta.

I would also like to remind anyone that has yet to pay for their 2018 subscription, I will be there at the AGM along with our treasurer ready to renew your subscription.
También me gustaría recordar a alguien que todavía tiene que pagar por su suscripción 2018, voy a estar allí en la Junta General junto con nuestro tesorero listo para renovar su suscripción.

Please remember that unlike previous years, our AGM is for members only. If you wish to become a member, you can join by going to our website, www.soha.es and pressing the ‘donate’ button or you can join on the night, just complete the attached membership application form and bring it with you.
Por favor, Recuerde que a diferencia de años anteriores, nuestra AGM es sólo para miembros. Si deseas ser miembro, puedes unirte a nuestro sitio web www.soha.es y presionando el botón ‘donar’ o puedes unirte en la noche, simplemente completa el formulario de solicitud de membresía adjunta y tráemelo contigo.

We look forward to seeing you all.
Esperamos verlos a todos.