What is DAFO?

1) AFO, SAFO, DAFO: all refer to the same irregular situation of a property on non urban
land.

2) Concept of PLANNING (General Plan)

3) Land-use planning or “ORDENACIÓN” is the general term used for a branch of urban planning encompassing various disciplines which seek to order and regulate land use in an efficient way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.

4) Planning divides the municipality into three categories: URBAN LAND, URBANIZABLE LAND, NON-URBAN LAND.

5) AFO is a juridical classification, not a geographical reference.
It refers to a house that does not form part of the urban area and is not included in a settlement. The law refers to these properties as ISOLATED HOUSES.
Villages without the document called “AVANCE” cannot classify houses as AFO. (Unless they have a PGOU).

6) Properties on the “campo” are either: LEGAL FUERA DE ORDENACIÓN, ASIMILADO FUERA DE ORDENACIÓN or ILLEGAL.

7) LEGAL FUERA DE ORDENACIÓN:
7.1 Built before 1975, not in a state of ruin.
Currently used for the same purpose as it was originally intended for.
Construction has not been modified (niether extended nor reduced).
7.2 House was built AFTER 1975 with full permits, according to the regulations, considered as legal. A new PGOU has since been introduced, and under the new PGOU, the building now fails to fulfil the regulation.

8) ASIMILADO FUERA DE ORDENACIÓN-AFO:
According to the Decree 2/2012:
. All houses built after 1975 for residential use on non urban land;
. With or without building project,
. With or without the permit of the local Town Hall
. Without the specific authorization of the Junta de Andalucía, published in the BOPMA
Are declared:ASIMILADO FUERA ORDENACIÓN.

9) Requirements to meet AFO:
House is considered as an ISOLATED HOUSE and:
House finished more then 6 years ago (Certificado de antigüedad)
Meets minimum standards of safety, accessibility, functionality and health conditions.

10) AFO means:
Your legally obtained permits will be annulled.
You have to present again all drawings of your house with certification of an arquitect (safety, accessibility, health conditions and functionality).
No Licence First Occupation.
Properties without building licence or first occupation couldn’t access the Register of Property until the central government introduced a modification in the law. (RD Ley 8/2011, art.24.4)
No consolidation works are allowed (Mijas Fire). The aim is that the lifetime of your property is reduced to the minimum. Only strict maintenance is allowed (painting and similar).
Your house has no access to a mortgage, making it extremely difficult to sell your property for a decent price. Only cash payers can buy your house. (RD 716/2009 art. 11.d)
The administration has to notify the Register of the Property and your DAFO situation will be added to your Register to ensure that new buyers will have full information about the juridic situation of your house. (You are marked). RD Ley 8/2011 art.25.dos c).
You are entitled to access to basic utilities like water and electricity. (WOW!!!)

11) DAFO Conclusions:
The DAFO procedure was meant for houses that were built ignoring all the legal procedures. It will avoid demolition if the conditions are met.
The Junta never recognized that we acted in good faith, and that the responsibility lies solely with the Local Administration and the Junta. Therefore, we still don’t have a satisfactory solution for our members.

12) ILLEGAL:
House classed as ISOLATED HOUSE
The construction of the house was completed less then 6 years ago.
Built on protected area.

Recent Posts

2017 AGM report

Save Our Homes in Axarquia held its Annual General Meeting on Saturday 26th January at La Vinuela.  More than 100 members attended, mostly ex-patriate residents of Axarquia.
The President, Phil Smalley said that this year’s principal achievement had been to bring about the amendment to Article 185.2 of the LOUA (Andalusia’s Planning Law).  This change now permits home owners on parcelled land to apply for the designation of AFO (Asimilado Fuera de Ordinación), to avoid  the threat of demolition of their home.
He informed the meeting that SOHA will write directly to Jose Fiscal, Planning Officer to seek an urgent meeting to decide how the Junta is going to solve the problem of licences legally granted by local authorities, but later annulled by tribunals.
The Mayor of Alcaucin, and SOHA’s Spokesman Mario Blancke welcomed the support and confidence of the members at the AGM.  He explained the details of the amendment to the LOUA, calling it “a triumph for everyone”.  He went on to say that there was still a lot to be done, but that SOHA now commands respect in the Andalusian Parliament and the National Congress.
The meeting was attended by Irene Rivera, Malaga’s Deputy in the National Congress.
Irene emphasised that SOHA’s efforts were “for justice”, not only for ex-patriates, but also for a large number of Spanish who are facing the same problems.
SOHA was founded in 2008.  SOHA is a non-profit making association of mostly foreign residents, whose aim is to uphold the rights of residents of Axarquia, according to Article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights, and to help those who bought their homes in good faith to protect their homes through legal action, and keep their legal title to their homes.
Images from the evening here.
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Salvemos Nuestras Casas Axarquía (SOHA) celebra su Asamblea General con asistencia de más de 100 socios
La Asamblea contó con la presencia de la Diputada por Málaga de Ciudadanos en el Congreso de los Diputados, Irene Rivera, que elogió la labor que está llevando a cabo la Asociación y destacó que esta lucha es “un tema de justicia”, no sólo de los extranjeros, sino de muchos españoles que están en su misma situación.
La Viñuela, 26 de enero de 2017. La Asociación SOHA (Save Our Homes Axarquía) celebró su Asamblea General con la presencia de más de 100 socios, la mayoría extranjeros residentes en la comarca de la Axarquía.
Su presidente, Philip Smalley, destacó el principal logro de 2016 que fue ver aprobada la enmienda al artículo 185.2 de la Ley de Ordenación Urbanística de Andalucía (LOUA) por el Parlamento de Andalucía. Esta enmienda permite a los propietarios de casas construidas sobre terrenos no urbanizables que habían sido parcelados para fines de construcción, pudieran solicitar el estado de Asimilado como Fuera de Ordenación (AFO) y así se elimina la amenaza de demolición.
Smalley avanzó que escribirán directamente al Consejero responsable de la planificación, José Fiscal, para que busque una reunión urgente para discutir cómo la Junta va a resolver el problema de las licencias legalmente otorgadas por las autoridades locales, pero posteriormente anuladas por los tribunales.
Por su parte Mario Blancke, portavoz de la Junta Directiva y alcalde Alcaucín, agradeció el apoyo de todos los socios y la confianza depositada, e indicó que “este triunfo es un triunfo de todos”. Blancke explicó a los presentes los pormenores de la enmienda aprobada, así como las demandas que todavía quedan pendientes, para lo que, añadió, están manteniendo diferentes reuniones tanto a nivel nacional, en el Congreso de los Diputados, como a nivel autonómico, con los representantes en el Parlamento Andaluz.
La Asamblea contó con la presencia de Irene Rivera, Diputada por Málaga de Ciudadanos en el Congreso, que elogió la labor que está llevando a cabo la Asociación y el tesón que están demostrando tanto su Junta Directiva como sus asociados, y destacó que esta lucha es “un tema de justicia”, no sólo de los extranjeros, sino de muchos españoles que están en su misma situación.

SOHA es una asociación sin ánimo de lucro formada por residentes, principalmente extranjeros, cuya misión es promover la protección de los derechos de los residentes en la Axarquía de acuerdo al artículo 8 de la Convención Europea de Derechos Humanos, ayudar a otros residentes a proteger sus casas por medio de acción legal u otras acciones, y realizar campañas activas para promover la amnistía a las casas de los propietarios de casas de la Axarquía.
SOHA se estableció en 2008 con el único propósito de salvar sus casas a través de medios pacíficos.