What is DAFO?

1) AFO, SAFO, DAFO: all refer to the same irregular situation of a property on non urban

2) Concept of PLANNING (General Plan)

3) Land-use planning or “ORDENACIÓN” is the general term used for a branch of urban planning encompassing various disciplines which seek to order and regulate land use in an efficient way, thus preventing land-use conflicts.

4) Planning divides the municipality into three categories: URBAN LAND, URBANIZABLE LAND, NON-URBAN LAND.

5) AFO is a juridical classification, not a geographical reference.
It refers to a house that does not form part of the urban area and is not included in a settlement. The law refers to these properties as ISOLATED HOUSES.
Villages without the document called “AVANCE” cannot classify houses as AFO. (Unless they have a PGOU).


7.1 Built before 1975, not in a state of ruin.
Currently used for the same purpose as it was originally intended for.
Construction has not been modified (niether extended nor reduced).
7.2 House was built AFTER 1975 with full permits, according to the regulations, considered as legal. A new PGOU has since been introduced, and under the new PGOU, the building now fails to fulfil the regulation.

According to the Decree 2/2012:
. All houses built after 1975 for residential use on non urban land;
. With or without building project,
. With or without the permit of the local Town Hall
. Without the specific authorization of the Junta de Andalucía, published in the BOPMA

9) Requirements to meet AFO:
House is considered as an ISOLATED HOUSE and:
House finished more then 6 years ago (Certificado de antigüedad)
Meets minimum standards of safety, accessibility, functionality and health conditions.

10) AFO means:
Your legally obtained permits will be annulled.
You have to present again all drawings of your house with certification of an arquitect (safety, accessibility, health conditions and functionality).
No Licence First Occupation.
Properties without building licence or first occupation couldn’t access the Register of Property until the central government introduced a modification in the law. (RD Ley 8/2011, art.24.4)
No consolidation works are allowed (Mijas Fire). The aim is that the lifetime of your property is reduced to the minimum. Only strict maintenance is allowed (painting and similar).
Your house has no access to a mortgage, making it extremely difficult to sell your property for a decent price. Only cash payers can buy your house. (RD 716/2009 art. 11.d)
The administration has to notify the Register of the Property and your DAFO situation will be added to your Register to ensure that new buyers will have full information about the juridic situation of your house. (You are marked). RD Ley 8/2011 art.25.dos c).
You are entitled to access to basic utilities like water and electricity. (WOW!!!)

11) DAFO Conclusions:
The DAFO procedure was meant for houses that were built ignoring all the legal procedures. It will avoid demolition if the conditions are met.
The Junta never recognized that we acted in good faith, and that the responsibility lies solely with the Local Administration and the Junta. Therefore, we still don’t have a satisfactory solution for our members.

House classed as ISOLATED HOUSE
The construction of the house was completed less then 6 years ago.
Built on protected area.

Recent Posts

SOHA progress news 2016 – 2017

Troubled times for those who bought their homes in good faith.

One year has passed since the Andalusian Parliament approved welcome changes in the planning laws, regarding homes on non-urbanisable land which had been split into “parcels”, and had no escape from their illegal status.
It made it possible to become “Assimilado Fuero de Ordinacion”, a status which has no English equivalent, but might roughly translate as “Accepted Outside Planning Regulations”. This status allows the owners to be listed in the Register de Propriedad, and to connect the basic services of electricity and water, (which some have lacked so far, while others, owing to the apparent legality of all their documents, have long since been connected).
Nevertheless, the bureaucratic process has been very slow, and buyers in good faith are still waiting for their ayuntamientos to approve their applications for AFO status.

In Andalusia there are almost 30,000 houses in this irregular situation.

If you find yourself in this plight, join SOHA.

You need our help; we need yours.


“Una vida bajo la incertidumbre para los compradores de buena fe.

A punto de cumplirse un año desde que el pasado mes de julio se aprobara en el Parlamento Andaluz el Proyecto de Ley por el que se modifica la Ley 2/2002 de 17 de Diciembre que establece medidas urgentes en relación a estas viviendas afectadas por parcelaciones urbanísticas en suelo no urbanizable, a las que se le ofrecía como salida la posibilidad de ser declaradas como asimilado fuera de ordenación (AFO).
Se trata de una figura que permitirá a sus dueños poder registrar las casas en el Registro de la Propiedad y además acceder a los servicios básicos (agua y luz), algo a lo que hasta ahora no podía aspirar, mientras que otros, bajo la apariencia total de legalidad de sus documentos ya disfrutaban de todos estos servicios.
Sin embargo, el proceso administrativo es lento, y los compradores de buena fe seguirán luchando por legalización de las viviendas construidas bajo la autoridad de los permisos expedidos por el ayuntamiento local.
En Andalucía existen casi 30.000 viviendas en esta situación irregular.

Si estás en esta situación, únete a SOHA.

Necesitamos tu ayuda”.